Introductory and specialty related questions:

Answer:  I have always longed for training in medicine since my rotation in internal medicine in internship. I decided and planned to train myself in UK hence I took up my current job in acute general medicine. During this job I have familiarized myself with basic technical procedures such as cannulations, arterial blood gas sampling and have also performed lumbar punctures and abdominal paracentesis under supervision [make sure you have DOPS for these procedures]. I have done different learnings and courses such as communication skills, ECG interpretation to help myself better in the clinical world as well as Advanced cardiac life support and ALERT course. [If you haven’t done them, then do them online on e-lfh website, they take only 1 hour and give you certificate at the end. Put them in portfolio. Include the e-learnings you have already done]. To equip myself with quality improvement project and audits, I also undertook course on QSIR fundamentals that expanded my understanding in this area. I have volunteered in organizing several medical conferences and community health program during my medical school [you MUST include certificates in the Leadership category, this is highly regarded]. Currently I am preparing myself to take the MRCP part 1 in coming May.

Generic questions:


On one of my shifts, I had to see a patient who was hypotensive. He was admitted with decompensated heart failure and on examination he was dehydrated. I faced a clinical dilemma whether to resuscitate with IV fluids or not. I knew my limitations and hence I called my senior. Upon his advice, I started rehydrating slowly with small boluses making sure he does not develop pulmonary edema. That day I realized the importance of the help of my senior who appreciated that I escalated on time.


  1. Do you always know the right thing to do in any given situation?

Task prioritization, task allocation, remaining calm, staying organized, escalation in a timely fashion.


Describe a time when you have led a team successfully.

What attributes are required to be a good leader?

What are the qualities of a good doctor? Do you have those qualities?

Describe an occasion when you have worked well in a team?

Give an example of a recent situation where you played an important role in a team.

What makes you a good team player?

During my time in the University teaching medical students, one of the senior clinical tutors had to go for maternity leave and I was assigned the responsibility of organizing all the year 3 clinical sessions for a whole semester. Although the curriculum was the same, but students’ needs and requirements vary from year to year. At first, I found the role very challenging and did not feel ready for the responsibility. However, I gathered myself and organized my thoughts, I planned how to handle the job. I also got lucky the I was also assigned two of my colleagues to help me. I divided the task among us, I prepared the materials for the tutors and sent assignments to students. They helped me with attendance, preparing media for the sessions as well as feedback sheets and the entry process. At the end we successfully conducted the OSCE exam. Looking back, I realized the importance of having an organized approach to the task and learnt how to run a team both as a leader and helping them as a team member as well.

[After this they sometimes ask;

So, what are the qualities of a leader:

You can mention; Approachable, Assertive, Encouraging, Organized, Patient, Resilient, Supportive
Sometimes the ask how you will define a leader;

Cram this definition;

A leader is a person who can initiate and implement a change, develop people, and create a positive environment to deliver results.]


I always believe there is a method in madness, re-organizes, re-prioritize, ask for help.


Finish in targeted time, help my colleagues, some of my colleagues also take me as example and ask for tips.


Finish in targeted time, help my colleagues, some of my colleagues also take me as example and ask for tips.


I have designed and led an audit called …………………

{Write background and aim in a single line, then the most significant outcome followed by recommendations}.

We re-audited and found a marked improvement in results.

To ensure quality, I have planned to follow PDSA and audit again but after some time period to see if we have sustained response.

Remember the principles of Francis, Keogh, and Berwick report

  1. Quality and safety above all
  2. Patient and carers must be empowered
  3. Staff should be developed and supported
  4. Thorough and unequivocal transparency